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ROS regulation of microdomain Ca2+ signalling at the dyads

Huiliang Zhang, Ana M. Gomez, Xianhua Wang, Yuan Yan, Ming Zheng, Heping Cheng
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvt050 248-258 First published online: 1 March 2013

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are emerging as centre-stage players in cardiac functional regulation. ROS and Ca2+ signals converge at dyads, the structural and functional units of cardiac excitation–contraction coupling. These two prominent signalling systems are intertwined with ROS modulation of the entire Ca2+-signalling network, and vice versa. While constitutively generated homoeostatic ROS are important in setting the redox potential of the intracellular milieu, dynamic signalling ROS shape microdomain and global Ca2+ signals on both the beat-to-beat and greater time scales. However, ROS effects are complex and subtle, characterized by multiphasic and bidirectional Ca2+ responses; and sustained oxidative stress may lead to compromised contractility and arrhythmogenicity. These new understandings should be leveraged to harness ROS for their beneficial roles while avoiding deleterious effects in the heart.

  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Ca2+ spark
  • Ryanodine receptor
  • Superoxide flash
  • Mitochondria
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