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Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on rat cardiac myocytes by monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

Kazunobu Ban, Uichi Ikeda, Msafumi Takahashi, Toshiko Kanbe, Tadashi Kasahara, Kazuyuki Shimada
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/28.8.1258 1258-1262 First published online: 1 August 1994

Abstract

Objective: Cytokine induction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on cardiac myocytes may be a critical step in cardiac inflammation associated with acute myocardial infarction and myocarditis. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a homologue of mouse JE, in the neutrophil-myocyte adhesion in vitro. Methods: MCP-1/JE and ICAM-1 mRNA expression in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes was evaluated by northern blot analysis. ICAM-1 molecule content on myocytes was determined by ELISA. For adherence assay, myocytes and neutrophils were co-incubated and the number of bounded neutrophils was counted. Results: MCP-l/JE transcripts were not clearly observed in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes; however, its transcripts were clearly detected by exposure to interleukin lα (100 U·ml−1), lipopolysaccharide (1 μg·ml−1), or hypoxia (95% N2 + 5% CO2). In ELISA analysis, the expression of ICAM-1 molecules on cardiac myocytes was significantly stimulated by MCP-1 in a dose dependent manner, and the effect of MCP-1 was observed as early as at 6 h. In northern blot analysis, ICAM-1 mRNA expression was constitutively observed in myocytes, and the expression was markedly stimulated by exposure to MCP-1 with a peak elevation at 2 h. In adherence assay, MCP-1 stimulated the adhesion of rat neutrophils to rat cardiac myocytes, and this effect of MCP-1 was inhibited by an anti-ICAM-I MAb. Conclusions: These results suggest that cardiac myocytes produce MCP-1, which could in turn promote the adhesion of neutrophils to myocytes via ICAM-1 expression, suggesting the involvement of MCP-1 in cardiac inflammation associated with acute myocardial infarction and myocarditis.

Cardiovascular Research 1994;28:1258-1262

Key terms
  • intercellular adhesion molecule-1
  • interleukin-1
  • hypoxia
  • myocarditis

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